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Qutub Shahi Dynasty PDF Print E-mail

In 1463, disturbances there was a problem in Bahamani kingdom of Deccan. Then Sultan Quli Qutbul Mulk under Muhammad Shah Bahamani, was given responsiblity to settle the disputes. He was successfully able to take the control of the situations and was made the Subedar of that region in 1495 ,After the disintegration of the Bahmani Sultanate into the five Deccan sultanates, he declared independence and took title Qutb Shah, and established Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golconda in the early 16th century, Sultan Quli assumed virtual independence. Thus he founded the Qutub Shahi dynasty that lasted from 1518 right up to 1687 when Aurangzeb's armies swept the Deccan.

This dynasty spanned 171 years in the history. The Qutub Shahi rulers were great builders and patrons of learning.

Qutub Shah 1 : Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk (1518 - 1543)
SULTAN QULI QUTBUL MULK,The founder of the Qutub Shahi kingdom did much to strengthen and improve the capital Golconda.This city called Muhammad Nagar well known for its trade in diamonds and precious stones. Sultan Quli's subjects thought highly of him and he governed kindly and well. But the king died at the hands of his own son Jamsheed Quli for Kingdom.

Qutub Shah 2 : Jamsheed Quli Qutb Shah (1543 - 1550)

Jamsheed Quli Qutb Shah, was the second ruler of the Sultanate of Golkonda under the Qutb Shahi dynasty. He ruled from 1543 to 1550.. His seven years reign was marked by the people's resentment over his patricide. However, Jamsheed Quli was educated and loved poetry. He died in 1550 of on incurable disease.

Qutub Shah 3 : Subhan Quli Qutb Shah (1550)
SUBHAN QULI QUTUB SHAH, Was 7 year old, when he became Sultan of Golconda, after death of his father Jamsheed Quli Qutb Shah in 1550 AD.Subhan died same year and his father's brother Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah ascended the throne.

Qutub Shah 4 : Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah (1550 - 1580)

IBRAHIM QULI QUTUB SHAH, The youngest son of Sultan Quli Qutub Shah, Ibrahim, lived in exile as an honored quest of the Raja of Vijayanagar. During his reign, Golconda was further strengthened. He took keen interest in the welfare of his people. He also repaired and fortified Golconda Fort and developed the Hussain Sagar lake and Ibrahim Bagh. After a short illness Ibrahim died in 1580

Qutub Shah 5 : Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah (1580 - 1611)
MUHAMMAD QULI QUTUB SHAH, It was in the long, peaceful and prosperous reign of the fifth king Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah that the Qutub Shahi dynasty reached its zenith. He ascended to the throne in 1580 at the age of 15 and ruled for thirty-one years. Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah was the son of Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah. He founded the city of Hyderabad after shifting from his old capital, the fort of Golkonda. The city was built on the southern bank of the Musi River. He is best remembered as the great planner and founder of the city of Hyderabad. Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah, like Ibrahim, patronized and encouraged the Telugu language as much as he did Arabic and Persian. He was himself an accomplished poet in Telugu and fostered local traditions and rituals. He was also the creator of the first Deccani poetry.
Muhammad Quli was hardly 48 when he died in 1612 after a fairy long reign of 32 years. He was a humane and just king, besides being a great builder and man of letters. Hayath Bakshi Begum was his only daughter who was married to his nephew and successor, Sultan Muhammad Qutub Shah.

Qutub Shah 4 : Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah (1611 - 1625)
SULTAN MUHAMMAD QUTUB SHAH, The nephew and son-in-law of Muhammad Quli, Sultan Muhammad ascended the throne as the sixth Qutub Shah. A well versed scholar, he had a deeply religious temperament and was a connoisseur of good books. The Qutub Shahi chronicles were completed during his reign. He further contributed to the architectural achievements of the Qutub Shahi dynasty. The foundation of the principal mosque Mecca Masjid was laid during his reign in 1617. He also began the construction of the building of Sultan Nagar. These projects were however not completed in his lifetime.

Qutub Shah 7 : Abdullah Qutb Shah (1625 - 1672)
ABDULLAH QUTUB SHAH, Son of Sultan Muhammad, Abdullah ascended the throne at the age of 12, his mother administering the kingdom till he attained maturity. He lived a life of pleasure and ease. Though the Kingdom was extended during his rule, it came under Mughal pressure in 1636. Golconda was attacked in 1656 and as a result, heavy indemnity had to be paid. He died on 1st May, 1672.

Qutub Shah 8 : Abul Hasan Qutb Shah (1672 - 1687)
ABUL HASAN TANA SHAH, also known as Tana Shah, was Abdullah Qutub Shah's son-in-law. He proved an able ruler and a staunch defender in the face of the Mughal might. He is remembered as a benign and tolerant king who placed his people's prosperity and well-being above everything else.Tana Shah was the last king of Golconda.

The Qutub Shahi rulers were great builders and patrons of learning. They not only patronized the Persian culture but also the regional culture of the Deccan, symbolized by the Telugu language and the newly developed Deccani idiom of Urdu. The main part of Golconda State was Telangana. Although Telugu was not their mother tongue, the Golconda rulers learned Telugu. Golconda and later Hyderabad served as capitals of the sultanate, and both cities were embellished by the Qutb Shahi sultans. The seven sultans in the dynasty were:

Wednesday, 16. April 2014

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